Ancient petroglyphs found in central Iran
TEHRAN – A giant piece of rock bearing around 30 petroglyphs was recently discovered in Mahallat County in Markazi Province, central Iran.
“A collection of petroglyphs has been discovered in a mountainous area northwest of Mahallat,” a local tourism official said on Wednesday, ISNA reported.
“It bears around 30 figures and patterns, the majority of which are images of antelopes.” noted the official.
According to experts, these designs belong to the Sassanid period (224-651 CE) and their carving and engraving tools included flint, iron and thick hunting bones, the official explained.
In April, some 70 rock-carved petroglyphs, which experts believe date back to the Sassanid era, were discovered in Mahallat. They depicted various designs, including a mountain goat and a hunter, a horseman holding a spear.
In many ways, Iran under Sassanid rule has witnessed immense achievements of Persian civilization. Experts say the nation’s art and architecture experienced a general revival during Sassanid rule. By this time, crafts such as metalworking and engraving precious stones became very sophisticated, as scholarship was encouraged by the state; many works from the east and west have been translated into pahlavi, the official language of the Sassanids.
Of all the material vestiges of the time, only the coins constitute a continuous chronological sequence throughout the period of the dynasty. These Sassanid coins bear the name of the king for whom they were minted, inscribed in Pahlavi, which allows scholars to date them quite closely.
The legendary wealth of the Sassanid court is fully confirmed by the existence of more than a hundred examples of precious metal bowls or plates known today. One of the finest examples is the silver plaque with partial gilding from the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. The dynasty was destroyed by Arab invaders during a period from 637 to 651.