Mangaluru: Saint-Aloysius Coin Museum

0


Daijiworld media network – Mangaluru

Mangaluru, December 20: Aloyseum has ancient and rare coins from different parts of the world. The pieces were brought from Italy in 1913 by Father Chiappi, during the dismantling of the Collegio Vida museum. Later, many other coins were added by the rectors and other Jesuit fathers of the college. At the same time, nearly 500 pieces were donated by localities.

There were almost 4000 pieces in the box. The pieces were cleaned with fresh water, then identified, then distributed according to their country. Only rare and old pieces are on display. New and repeated parts are kept in storage.

The pieces come from 82 countries – spread over five continents – Asia, America, Africa, Europe, Oceania

Asia:
Country-35, Coins-318
Oldest part
Ceylon
-Kingdom of Polonnaruwa (1017 AD.
-Dutch period: 1658 to 1796 AD The most commonly used coin during this period is the DUIT. Another coin is the RIX – DOLLAR in Sinhala, was called PATHAGA.
-British period: The British from 1796 to 1948. The English used gold and copper coins, minted in England. Currencies such as farthing, British thuttu, pathaga, panam, rupee and cent were used.

China
-CASH was a coin from China and East Asia, used from the 4th century BC until the 20th century AD. 10 cash made 1 cent, and 100 cents made 1 DOLLAR. “RED CASH COINS” are coins produced in Xinjiang during the Qing reign.

India
Coins from different princely states like Baroda, Gwalior, Mysore, Nawanagar, Hyderabad, Travancore, etc. are kept. Coins of Tippu Sultan, Mughal Emperor Akbar and Portuguese India, British East India, Danish East India and Dutch East India are on display. Coins from the post-independence era from 1950 to 1990 are also on display.
-293 Indian pieces are kept for exhibition.
-Oldest coin- Danish eastern India- copper silver from 1615, Pulicat Mint and Kas by Christian VII from 1770s
-British East India- Coins from the 17th and 18th centuries of Madras, Bombay and Bengal presidency and VEIC coins are on display as well as coins issued by Queen Victoria, King George V, Geoge VI, Edward VII, etc.
-Dutch East India- Duits of 1737, 1732 are there. William II cents belong to the 18th century and Frederik V coins from 1761 are on display.
-Akbar’s 16th century silver Mohur is on display.
-The Patan and Farrukhi coins of Tippu Sultan from 1782-1799 are on display.
-Mysore- Golden Pagoda of Krishnarajawodeyar III, DevaloyDevaraja coins are the main attraction.
-Hydrabad- anna, pie, rupee from 18th to 19th century belong to different Nawab are displayed.

America:
Country-6, room-62
The oldest – Brazil – 80 Reis of 1830 issued by Pedro I

Africa:
Country-7, room-71
Oldest coin- Algeria- Abdel Kader coin from 1838
Another country like Tunisia, Zanzibar has ancient and rare coins.

Europe:
Country-27, room- 575

Ancient coins from the Roman Emperors, Italy, Venice, the Netherlands, Austria, Germany and France are on display.
-Italy- pieces dated 1420-1785 by many emperors are exhibited along with many other pieces from the 18th and 19th centuries.
-Rome- the oldest coin in the museum dated 211 BC. AD is part of the museum’s valuable collection. It is a denarius, introduced in 211 BC, which was the main silver coin in Rome for 500 years.
-The Julia Lucius silver coin from 85 BC is another ancient coin.
-We have Roman coins dated 14 AD-350AD.
-Byzantine -bronze Follis of Justinian I from 527 AD is also another attraction.
-Venice- pieces from the 14th, 15th and 17hc are on display
-Austria- 18th century Kreuzer coins, 19th century Groshens coins and shillings are displayed.

Oceania
Country-3, room-9
One of the oldest coins is a 1917 George V penny and a half.

In total, the museum has 1328 pieces on display. The other parts are kept in reserve. All parts are documented, cataloged and well preserved.


Share.

About Author

Comments are closed.