Tracing history through coins at the Aloyseum in Mangaluru

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If you like to see ancient coins and understand history through the coins, then Aloyseum, a museum at St Aloysius College in Mangaluru, is the place to be.

Almost 1,328 pieces from over 75 countries are on display. The oldest coin in the museum’s gallery dates back to 211 BC. AD, a denarius of the Roman Empire.

The rarest and oldest coins are exhibited in the museum gallery. In fact, the museum authorities have around 4000 pieces. Of which 1,328 pieces have been sorted, identified and classified for display, said Kavitha, the museum’s curator.

Most of these pieces were brought from Italy in 1913 by Fr. Chiappi during the dismantling of the Collegio Vida museum. The parts were stored in boxes due to the lack of security and the inability to identify them, she said.

Pieces made of materials such as gold, silver, copper are on display. There is an explanation in English next to all the parts.

There are five cases for the display of pieces in the museum, classified by continents of their origin.

Rare pieces from 27 European countries are presented. The oldest piece dates from 211 BC. AD, a denarius of the Roman Empire. Ancient coins are from the Roman period representing virtually all the Caesars and a coin from the Byzantine Empire.

From Europe, there are coins from France, England, Germany, Greece and other countries. Some of the coins are 10 Centimes from 1853 from Napoleon III, 2 Francs 1871 from Ceres, 5 Centimes from 1855 from Napoleon III, 25 Centimes from 1904 from La Liberté Lauréate. Some of the pieces from England on display are Queen Victoria’s Half Farthing 1843, Queen Victoria’s Half Penny 1889, Georgivs V’s Half Crown 1914, Queen Victoria’s 1862 Penny, Gerogivs V’s One Shilling 1931 and so on. suite and from Greece, there are 2 Lepta 1869 by George 1 and others.

Pieces from 33 Asian countries belonging to various kingdoms and periods are on display. The oldest coins belong to the Polonnaruwa kingdom of Ceylon called the Massa coins. Ancient currencies of Afghanistan, Bahrain, Brunei, Cambodia, Hong Kong, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Pakistan, Philippines, Nepal, Iran, Indochina, Ceylon, Japan, Sarawak, Singapore, Qatar, Dubai, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Maldives The Myanmar, Thailand and other countries are on display.

Coins from the Indian princely states of Baroda, Gwalior, Indore, Hyderabad, Kutch, Mysore, Travancore, etc. are exposed. Besides coins belonging to the Dutch, Danish, Portuguese, British colonial period are also on display.

Two pagodas belonging to 1829-1855 by Travancore, the golden pagoda by Krishnaraja Wodeyar III belonging to 1799-1868 and others are on display.
Coins from three countries of North America and three countries of South America including Chile, Mexico and Peru belonging to the 18th-19th centuries are on display.

In addition, there are coins from seven countries of the African continent including rare coins from Algeria, Zanzibar, Egypt at the gallery in addition to coins from three countries in Oceania which are Australia, the New Zealand and Papua New Guinea.

The coin gallery was inaugurated on Wednesday by the rector of St Aloysius institutions, Father Melwin Pinto. Father Leo, a retired college professor, was also present.

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